Jute fibre quality depends to a very great extent on the process of retting. Much research has been done so far on retting of jute but still the jute growers face various practical difficulties in implementing the proper procedure for retting. Jute retting can be done by microbial or chemical process. Improper retting causes defective fibers which reduce the acceptability of these fibers for various industrial uses. Various methods have been devised for effective retting of jute which needs further research and development to systematize the entire retting process.