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The impracticality of homogeneously weighted moving average and progressive mean control chart approaches

July, 2021

Journal Name:

DOI: 10.1002/qre.2950 move

Issue: 8 | Volume: 37 | Page No: 3779--3794


There is growing literature on new versions of “memory-type” control charts, where deceptively good zero-state average run-length (ARL) performance is misleading. Using steady-state run-length analysis in combination with the conditionally expected delay (CED) metric, we show that the increasingly discussed progressive mean (PM) and homogeneously weighted moving average (HWMA) control charts should not be used in practice. Previously reported performance of methods based on these two approaches is misleading, as we found that performance is good only when a process change occurs at the start of monitoring. Traditional alternatives, such as exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) and cumulative sum (CUSUM) charts, not only have more consistent detection behavior over a range of different change points but can also lead to better out-of-control zero-state ARL performance when properly designed.